Zones: 3-8. Two different forms of this shrub are commonly sold in commerce: (1) Japanese snowball bush (f. Eastern snowball viburnum, snowball bush, Viburnum opulus Deciduous. What many people don't realize is that several different plants are called snowball bushes. Attractive, low maintenance shrub delivering all beauty and no fuss. Give it room. Attaining tree size at 12' by 12', clusters of tiny white flowers resembling snowballs cover the plant in spring. Purestock/Purestock/Getty Images . 4m spread . Water your summer snowflake viburnum deeply after pruning to ease stress on the plants roots and prepare them to produce new growth. Originally known as V. opulus 'Sterilis' which is still in use in lieu of the now accepted nomenclature. Because the snowball tree only blooms when the shrubs are at least two years old, you should be careful with a radical pruning treatment. For best results grow Viburnum opulus in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to full shade. Pruning Chinese Snowball Viburnum . Abundant clusters of large pure white, snowball like flowers cover this shrub in late spring. How to Prune Viburnum Opulus Roseum. While there are over 150 varieties of viburnum, one of the most popular is known as the "snowball bush." When to Prune Viburnum. Pruning. Find our advice on pruning shrubs. If you want to trim the winter snowball into shape, the best time to do this is in March, after flowering. It's first summer in 2004 it flowered nicely. While light pruning can be performed anytime throughout the year, it’s best to leave any major shearing or severe pruning for late winter or early spring. When pruning branches larger than 1" it may be necessary to use long-handle lopper pruners. Viburnum opulus is grown as an ornamental plant for its flowers and berries, growing best on moist, moderately alkaline soils, though tolerating most soil types well. Color: Glossy green leaves turn purplish-red in fall, with bright white snowball flower clusters. Don’t overlook dwarf Viburnum farreri ‘Nanum’, which brings sweet spring fragrance in a compact plant. Growing to a size of around 4.5 by 4.5 metres, clusters of tiny white flowers resembling snowballs cover the plant in spring. All there is to know snowball viburnum. Middle, back . Chinese Snowball Viburnum: Prune just after flowering in order to shape and remove dead wood, otherwise, let it do its thing. Once eastablished it will need little or no pruning. It has huge (4 – 8 inch), round white flowers, borne on the ends of branches, in April/May. Both Japanese snowball viburnum and Eastern snowball viburnum grow in full sun to part shade. How To Prune. Position in border. How to Prune a Snowball Bush. It isn’t really a requirement to prune. Family Adoxaceae . Bloom Time: Late spring to early summer A great choice for foundation plantings or hedges. The Viburnum, 'Eastern Snowball', Viburnum opulus 'Sterile', is a hardy, deciduous shrub. In cooler areas, it can take full sun. Of course, much of viburnum pruning depends on the variety grown too. Bright green-foliage has reddish overtones in fall and is shaped more like an oak leaf which varies from most other viburnums. Pruning snowball viburnum. Snowball bushes are known for the puffy, white flowers that bloom on them year after year. A large rounded shrub reaching 10-12'. The winter snowball and the Guelder rose differ from other Viburnum varieties. Ovate, toothed, strongly-veined, dark green leaves (to 4” long) have pleated upper surfaces. After flowering, the Chinese snowball viburnum can benefit from some light pruning to shape the shrub and trim dead ends. 8m height . Written on: July 14, 2020. Viburnum snowball bush is popular and easy to grow. Considered to be an heirloom plant, possibly why it is the most commonly known viburnum to the public. Once these bloomers are established, they show some drought tolerance, but providing consistent moisture assures the best flower show. Despite the fact that snowball bushes are one of the easiest plants to take care of, there is always the possibility that they could become infected. Able to reach fairly large sizes quickly, this impressive shrub will command attention as a hedge, in the back of the border or as a screen to hide an eye-sore. How to grow Viburnum opulus. However, it never hurts to practice occasional viburnum pruning each year to maintain shape and overall beauty. Leaves turn burgundy red to purplish red in fall. Eastern Snowball Bushes begin to bloom in late spring, ... Snowball Bush pruning best practices depend on the type of Snowball you have and on your goal with pruning. In many cases, pruning just … Up to 12 ft. tall, 10 ft. wide. (Blooms on "old wood.") Viburnum opulus and Viburnum lantana - if they need pruning at all - can be kept under control, by cutting out 1 in 3 branches at near to ground level. Prune to create a tree shape by removing at least several feet of the lower branches and foliage from the shrub. Here is an excellent link that talks about how to prune a snowball viburnum: Height/Spread: 12 feet tall, 10 feet wide; moderate grower. How to Prune a Viburnum Snowball Shrub | Hunker. Zone: 3 – 8 Join the RHS. 0. Genus Viburnum can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs with opposite, simple or palmately lobed leaves and clusters of small, often fragrant white or pink flowers, followed by red, blue or black berries Annabelle Hydrangea: Plant Addicts, Inc. suggests pruning sparingly (anytime but the spring), maintaining a limb length of 18-to-24 inches in order to protect against weakened branches that could buckle under the weight of the enormous blooms. Make sure to get some fertilizer before it blooms in the springtime, or if you can afford to use compost, you can put this around the plant at any time of the year. If the wonderfully green leaves and impressive size aren't enough, just wait for the flowers! Partial to full sun. Eastern Snowball 'Sterile' (Viburnum opulus) Join the Club to Manage Your Garden Plant Details; Basic Care Instructions; Detailed Care Instructions; Features. Very showy bloomer. They prefer well-drained soil with average moisture. Tip. Eastern Snowball Viburnum opulus ‘Sterile’ Everyone’s favorite! European Snowball Viburnum. Every couple of years, it can benefit from a more severe pruning to help encourage more plentiful growth. References. Plant size. In this case, blossoming can only be expected after one year without flowerage. Your snowball viburnum blooms in the Spring, so it is best to prune it right after it flowers. Viburnum bushes bloom in... Plants Japanese Plants Snowball Plant Japanese Tree Garden Shrubs Snowball Viburnum Tree Images Shrubs Snowball Tree. How you prune a Viburnum will depend on the variety: Snowball Viburnum (V. macrocephalum) This shrub or small tree flowers on old wood, so do not prune until after it flowers. Pruning in March. I have a two year old Eastern Snowball Viburnum. Masses of snowball-shaped flowers open apple green and change to pure white. Chinese snowball viburnum is Viburnum macrocephalum. This large shrub grows into an upright dense mound. It has small (2 – 3 inch), round white flowers, borne two-ranked along the branches, in April/May. Dig a hole that is three times the width of the container (the root ball) and just as deep. Prune it any later, and you'll be cutting off next year's flowers. North facing, south facing, east facing, west facing . Plant it in groupings for the best effect. Stand back and see how the branches naturally grow and use this as a starting point for beginning your pruning. This summer of 2005 it did not flower but is growing : Answer from NGA August 24, 2005. Viburnum can be grown as a shrub or a small tree, depending on the variety you choose and how you prune it. Use a sharp pair of bypass hand pruners when pruning Viburnum. Written by: Lori Lapierre. Uses. The rejuvenation of the Guelder rose should also preferably be done in March, using the same technique as described below for the other snowball varieties. Step 1 Assess the tree's natural shape. Rejuvenation pruning in May. Prune viburnum for shape and size once a year--or less frequently. The three-inch clusters of snowball flowers start out apple-green and morph to white, eventually fading to a rosy color, as do some hydrangea shrubs.. You can cut the flowers to use in displays. Do this each year, always cutting out the older branches of course, and you will have a steady supply of new growths, and flowers/berries on the older growths. Several cultivars have been selected, including 'Roseum' (synonym 'Sterile', 'Snowball'), in which all the flowers are only of the larger sterile type, with globular flower heads. Aspect. The ‘Snowball’ viburnum, also called guelder-rose, is a very beautiful shrub which has a blooming as magnificent in spring as its foliage is in fall. Masses of snowball-like flower clusters from top to bottom. 1. Many people confuse it with hydrangea, but it blooms much earlier than hydrangeas. Japanese snowball viburnum is Viburnum plicatum. Wait for the blooming to end if you wish to reduce or reshape the shrub. Commonly called snowball bush, Viburnum opulus "Roseum" is a deciduous shrub cultivar prized for its round, white flower clusters and spreading growth habit. Planting: The Eastern Snowball Bush will perform well in either full sun or partial shade (about 3 to 6 hours of sunlight per day), depending on where you are located.In warmer climates, provide the plant with afternoon shade. Find help & information on Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' red guelder rose from the RHS Search. While there are over 150 varieties of viburnum, one of the most popular is known as the "snowball bush." The Viburnum, 'Eastern Snowball', is a hardy deciduous shrub growing 8 to 12 feet in height with a spread of 10 to 15 feet. Learning the proper time and technique for pruning a Redbud tree is important to the health of the tree and the shape of it. This beauty grows 3 feet tall and wide, and it offers perfumed blooms, eye-catching fruit and good fall color. How to prune a viburnum snowball shrub. Viburnum plicatum is a dense, upright, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub that typically matures to 8-15’ tall with a slightly larger spread. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. Deciduous. I did not prune it then, and have not since it has been planted. Other common names fragrant snowball . They can be deciduous, evergreen or semi-evergreen, depending on species. Eastern Snowball Viburnum is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. Exposure: Partial to full sun. Probably the oldest known garden viburnum as it was recorded in the 16th century as "Sambucus Rose". This should only be done if the Viburnum falls apart extremely at the sides. The Snowball Viburnum is a deciduous shrub, so it sheds its leaves in the fall and blooms form on old wood. Like the full size version, dwarf Viburnum obovatum is evergreen and makes a great hedge — without constant pruning. Butterflies love their flowers and birds love the berry-like fruit, so they’ll attract wildlife to your yard. 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