10 ways to prevent computer security threats from insiders Whether via the spread of malware, spyware or viruses, insiders can do as much damage as outside attackers. Use locking security cables, where possible, to prevent intruders from stealing desktop and laptop computers. Few people work exclusively in their homes and offices. An intruder with physical access to such equipment can install malware capable of stealing data in transit or attacking other computers on your network. The same is true of CCTV cameras, printers, "smart devices" and other hardware we install in and around our homes and offices. Even when the driver is in the vehicle, their device could be vulnerable when stationary (for example, whilst parking or at traffic lights). When working in public, it is even more important that you take care to position your screen so that others cannot read it. If you want to secure your computer and its files from theft or disaster, you need to consider the physical security of the system unit and the files in it. Criminal and political attacks are often difficult to distinguish, and attempts to obtain sensitive data often look like attempts to steal valuable hardware. Physical security measures can consist of a broad spectrum of methods to deter potential intruders, which can also involve methods based on technology. To prevent physical damage or theft, use a sturdy, weatherproof, padded, adequately sized conservative bag that doesn't necessarily look like a computer bag. How to recover information from your off-site backup system. As always, be sure to choose a strong password. When unattended – for example in a hotel room or meeting room – they should keep them hidden or physically locked away. Encrypt the storage on all of your computers, tablets and smartphones. Depending on the security climate where you work, this may provide one of two opportunities. Be vigilant about granting access to any visitors, and escort them where appropriate. Most people think about locks, bars, alarms, and uniformed guards when they think about security. Try to create a reception area where visitors can be met when they enter the office and a meeting room that is separate from your normal work space. Examples of physical threats to your devices and the information stored on them, How to protect your computer and other equipment from some of these threats, How to create a healthy operating environment for computers and networking equipment, A number of security considerations for your home, your office, public spaces and other locations where you might work, A list of software settings that can help protect your devices from physical threats, What to consider when creating a security plan for your devices, yourself and those with whom you work. But that work can be undone in an instant should one of those devices be lost, stolen, tampered with, confiscated or damaged. Will somebody else be carrying your bag? Get to know your neighbours. You can learn more about these tools in the Tactics Guide on how to remain anonymous and bypass censorship on the Internet. They might be seeking financial information, sensitive data related to your work or personal details they can use to intimidate, blackmail or impersonate you. The 14 best ways to protect your computers No need for pricey, complex security systems; a few simple checks and management policies will have major impact By Roger A. Grimes We know your computers are important, that's why we offer this endorsement. Computer security, cybersecurity or information technology security (IT security) is the protection of computer systems and networks from the theft of or damage to their hardware, software, or electronic data, as well as from the disruption or misdirection of the services they provide.. Keep printed photographic records of all equipment and lock them away safely. We do a lot of work to protect the information that lives on or passes through our digital devices. In spite of the sophisticated online methods now used by criminals, it is still easier to access your systems and data by physically doing so on your premises, or taking your devices. How to interact with immigration and border security personnel in various circumstances. Just as you might rely on anti-malware software to protect the contents of a USB memory stick from malware, you must rely on a detailed physical security plan to protect the same information from theft, loss or destruction. To help protect computers and limit the extent of the damage, most portable systems are insulated with shock absorbing material. Keep sensitive hard copy records locked away if possible. How to contact the organisations that provide services like electrical power, water and Internet access. Consult with your insurance company or local crime prevention officer for additional security advice. If your business premises, home offices or other sites where computer equipment is kept are not adequately secured, the way is left open for criminals to gain access by breaking in. Physical security is a set of security measures taken to ensure that only authorized personnel have access to equipment, resources and other assets in a facility, these measures are laid out for. Consider carrying your laptop in something that does not look like a laptop bag. Simple, physical habits — like covering camera lenses and unplugging "smart devices" when they are not in use — can sometimes help. Computer security is one of the most important issues in organizations which cannot afford any kind of data loss. Restrict access to sensitive areas, such as. Devices like this do not always adapt well to unstable electrical power, extreme temperatures, dust, moisture, mechanical stress and other such hazards. If you are lucky, your neighbours will become allies who can help you keep an eye on your home or office. Whoops, I broke it again. Your security policy will contain various sections, depending on the circumstances. Get in the habit of locking your screen whenever you step away from your computer. Computer hard drives, email and web servers, USB memory sticks, external hard drives, CDs, DVDs, mobile phones, printed paper and hand-written notes are all common means of data storage. Before continuing, we ask you to review our Privacy Policy which includes how we use Cookies to help us improve the quality of your vist to Get Safe Online. Most desktop computer cases have a slot where you can attach a padlock that will make it difficult for anyone without a key to get inside. Keep a fire extinguisher suitable for use with electrical equipment, near your IT equipment. Physical methods of protection are there to stop unauthorised people physically going to the computer and accessing the IT systems. Paper calendars, planners, journals, address books and sticky notes are refreshingly immune to malware, but they are also impossible to encrypt. An office access policy that addresses key distribution, CCTV cameras, alarm systems, cleaning contracts and other such considerations. In the absence of “physical loss or damage,” property insurance does not respond. This kind of surveillance has privacy implications for those who work in or near the building, but it can be an effective way to capture evidence of a burglary or an office raid, particularly if the cameras are configured to transmit video to an off-site location. Encrypt your hard drives The first step is to implement full-disk encryption on each one of your company’s PCs. In each case, make sure you know whether or not the data are encrypted and who has access to the keys and passwords needed to decrypt them. Here are five simple security tips you should implement today. It is important that you set a strong passphrase on your wireless network so that others cannot join your network or monitor your traffic. You may not think of this as physical security, but an attacker who is able to join your wireless network has the same access as one who is able to sneak into your office and connect an Ethernet cable. Where available, use the secure print feature. The Security Breach That Started It All. Notify the Police (or if the theft or loss has occurred on a train, the British Transport Police) and obtain a crime or loss reference number for tracking and insurance purposes. Information about access to legal support. There are many things you can do to make your equipment more secure: Consider how you store important or sensitive information. Likewise, when it comes to IT security, physical security is the foundation for our overall strategy. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. Consider travelling with a security cable and practice finding workspaces near objects to which you can attach one. This is particularly important because the stress and chaos of a physical security emergency can make it difficult to respond quickly and appropriately. The American Presidential directive PDD-63 of May 1998 set up a national program of "Critical Infrastructure Protection". Be wary of any USB memory sticks you might find lying about. Policy documents are both a way to reach consensus on such details and a way to keep track of them over time. Below are a few suggestions to help you protect your data from threats in the surrounding area. If your WiFi relies on a weak password — or no password at all — anyone within range is a potential intruder. Even those who take steps to protect hardware like computers and backup storage devices from theft, severe weather and other physical threats often fail to document these steps in a written security policy. In some instances, “direct physical loss” is not defined in the policy and a dispute as to coverage arises. People are often tempted to plug random storage devices into their computers so they can look for clues as to who might have lost them. Avoid running Ethernet cables outside the building to prevent those without keys from tampering with them when the building is empty. Implement a tiered data protection and security model including multiple perimeter rings of defense to counter applicable threats. Physical security encompasses measures and tools like gates, alarms and video surveillance cameras, but also includes another central element: an organization’s personnel. This includes ports on devices like printers, monitors and projectors that are in locations where visitors might be left alone. If possible, lock networking equipment like servers, routers, switches and modems inside a secure room or cabinet. With a lot happening on the web, it becomes an utmost need to secure the content from loss and interception as there hovers a constant vision of malice to disrupt the web world security. Choose a strong password, as discussed in the Tactics Guide on how to create and maintain strong passwords. Even if you are not working with a formal organisation, it is a good idea to write out guidelines and response plans for yourself and those with whom you work. Geek Squad® Computer and Tablet Protection. For additional information, see the Tactics Guides on how to protect the sensitive files on your computer and on how to use smartphones as securely as possible. So, a standard renters insurance policy will not cover … Data loss is loss of valuable and/or sensitive personal or company information on a computer due to theft, human error, viruses, malware, power failure, physical … Something possessed by the individual (a physical token such a credit, security or ID card… But some organizations, distracted by the more sophisticated features of software-based security products, may overlook the importance of ensuring that the network and its components have been protected at the physical level. Physical protection As you have seen, there are many different ways that you or a business can lose valuable data. In this last case, it might be quite challenging to to determine the actual, physical location of a particular piece of information. PC laptops and accidental damage: Best and worst warranties 2015. When you decide to carry a USB memory stick in your pocket rather than sealed in a plastic bag at the bottom of your luggage, you are making a decision about physical security, even though the information you are trying to protect is digital. We are often surrounded by equipment that we think of as televisions, cameras, phones, printers, video game consoles and other Internet of Things (IoT) devices. They are also quite dangerous (even before people start "fixing" them with duct tape). But while these characteristics make them popular and convenient, they also make them an ideal target for thieves. Policies related to travelling with sensitive data or software that might be seen as incriminating. These activities are extremely valuable, however, in part because they help ensure that small but important details are not forgotten. Make sure to secure your mobile devices to protect both the machine and the … In the broadest of terms, user authorisation within any security system can be verified via one three means: 1. 5. Protect computers, servers and mobile devices against data loss and unauthorised access. Fit an intruder alarm, with unique codes for each employee. When working in an environment like this, you should use a virtual private network (VPN) or the Tor Browser to prevent these attacks. A surge protector should specify a maximum voltage and list a rating in Joules. By doing so, you can give visitors access to the Internet without sharing your WiFi password or allowing them to access local devices when they are in range. Keep your mobile devices, including your laptop, with you at all times when travelling or staying in a hotel. Electrical fluctuations like power surges, blackouts and brownouts can cause physical damage to computers and other digital devices by harming electronic components or destroying data on hard drives. This is a kind of social engineering. For example, if you accidentally spill a glass of water on the computer, the resulting damage would be covered. You should consider this feature when purchasing hardware. Additional advice for laptop, tablet & smartphone users. What steps to take if a device is lost or stolen. Have a ‘clear-desk’ policy so that employees lock up sensitive papers when they are not working on them. Try to determine what behaviours you can expect from one another and from visitors. If they are stolen, copied or photographed, they can reveal extremely sensitive information. The categories and suggestions below are merely a foundation upon which you will have to build in accordance with your own physical security environment. Malicious individuals seeking access to your sensitive information — or to the valuable hardware upon which that information is stored — represent a key physical threat. They could be in the office, at home, in someone's luggage, in a recycling bin out back or, increasingly, "somewhere on the Internet." With a little bit of planning and thought however, the risks can be reduced or even eliminated. Locking Cables. Data protection is the process of safeguarding important information from corruption, compromise or loss. Many access points allow you to create a separate WiFi network for guests. If you can afford them, consider installing Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPSs) and using those instead of regular surge protectors. Back up data (see Backups for more information). Try to use electrical sockets and plugs that have ground lines. Employees should keep mobile devices with them at all times. These videos should of course be encrypted, both in transit and wherever they are stored. Physical Protection. Losing your computer (or having it stolen) is one of those things you would rather not think about. Security considerations extend beyond the rooms and buildings within which you live and work. Computers, networking equipment and data storage devices can be quite delicate. Accordingly, it is important to take precautions both where you live and where you work. Public spaces often have insecure wireless networks. Sparking power strips that fall out of wall sockets and fail to hold plugs securely are quite common in some parts off the world. Physical methods. Many power drills and most hammers work on hard drives. Computer security is that branch of information technology which deals with the protection of data on a network or a stand-… Physically protecting computer equipment and data against damage or loss is a large element of computer security. Geek Squad Protection enhances your manufacturer warranty and gives you extended coverage when the warranty ends. Consider using computer locking cables on individual desktop machines and laptops. Encourage users to pick up their documents from printers, faxes, photocopiers and multi-functional devices promptly. Examples might include: Emergency response procedures might include: These policy documents should be stored securely, backed up regularly and reviewed periodically to ensure that they remain up-to-date. These are the sorts of questions you should consider when making decisions like this. Dropping and causing physical damage to a laptop is not on the list of covered perils. Consider installing motion sensors or CCTV cameras around your office. Don't get stuck with a big repair bill if the unexpected happens to your computer or tablet. Introduction to Physical Security. Make a note of all IT equipment serial numbers to enable reporting if stolen. Physical security is the protection of personnel, hardware, software, networks and data from physical actions and events that could cause serious loss or damage to an enterprise, agency or institution. Just as you might rely on anti-malware software to protect the contents of a USB memory stick from malware, you must rely on a detailed physical security plan to protect the same information from theft, loss or destruction. Everyone involved should be given time to read the policy, ask questions about it, contribute to it and implement the standards and practices it describes. Our job is to make sure your tech does its job. Data security is about keeping data safe and affects anyone relying on a computer system. Information about travel insurance, if relevant. Examples might include letters, faxes, mobile phones, land line phones, emails, Skype, social media and secure messaging platforms, to name just a few. Who to contact in the event of a fire, flood, or other natural disaster. A policy on the use of personal devices for work. This page covers physically protecting your equipment and data not only from theft, but also from accidental loss, fire, flood and accidental damage. And try to avoid putting such devices on display when you are not using them. A policy on guests, including which parts of the office should be restricted to authorised visitors. These and many other physical threats can lead to the loss or exposure of sensitive information. When doing so, remember to account for windows, open doors, visitor waiting areas and other such considerations. They are available for laptops, external monitors, tablets and smartphones. In other cases, attackers create them intentionally and "drop" them near the home or office of a target organisation or individual. If not, they will become another entry on the list of potential threats that you need to address. Your policy document should provide general guidelines for you, for those with whom you work and, if relevant, for newcomers to your organisation. If you run any servers in your office, work with whoever maintains them to ensure that the information they contain will be encrypted if they are turned off or unplugged. You can find more information on keeping mobile devices safe here. Find out what legal protections you have against law enforcement personnel, landlords and others who might try to enter your home or office. First, you should configure your computer so that it will not boot from the USB device, CD-ROM or DVD drives. Choose a strong password meeting room – they should also be carried in hand baggage on an aircraft or.. And easily parts off the world irregular power is just one of the office should notified! Security is one of two opportunities machines and laptops is lost or.. 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