(See Appendix 6.) Samarium is found along with other members of the rare-earth elements in many minerals, including monazite and bastnasite, which are commercial sources. Samarium is an excellent neutron absorber used in nuclear reactors The first person to have a chemical element named after them, albeit indirectly, was Colonel Vasili Samarsky-Bykhovets. Samarium is also used for therapeutic purposes. Renal Impairment: Because approximately one third of Samarium Sm-153 EDTMP is excreted in the urine, clearance may be reduced in patients with renal impairment; it is not known if dose adjustment is needed. Samarium is one of the rare earth elements used to make carbon arc lights which are used in the motion picture industry for … It is about 8 parts per million, and 40 th most abundant element in the Earth crust. As a component of samarium lexidronam, it is used in palliation of bone cancer. Samarium 153 has been used in trials studying the supportive care of Pain, Lung Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, and Metastatic Cancer. Samarium 153 has been chelated to a phosphonate, ethylenediaminetetramethylene (EDTMP), to produce a bone-seeking complex. The beta particle energy (233keV) penetrates 1.7mm in … Rare-earth element, any member of the group of chemical elements consisting of three elements in Group 3 (scandium [Sc], yttrium [Y], and lanthanum [La]) and the first extended row of elements below the main body of the periodic table (cerium [Ce] through It is treated by the body in a similar manner to … Samarium Sm-153 Lexidronam Injection (Samarium-153) is used to treat bone pain that results when cancer spreads to the bone. The radioactive samarium is taken up in the bone cancer area and gives off radiation that helps provide relief from pain. (Source: Los Alamos National Laboratory) QUADRAMET® (samarium sm 153 lexidronam) (samarium Sm-153 EDTMP) has an affinity for bone and concentrates in areas of bone turnover in association with hydroxyapatite. Currently, they are used for such things as hospital MRI machines, airplanes, boats, cars, speaker systems and earbuds and headphones. The complex samarium Sm 153 lexidronam is used in the palliative treatment of bone pain associated with osteoblastic metastatic bone lesions, administered intravenously. These magnets have a high resistance to demagnetization. It is also used in nuclear reactors, some ceramics, and lighting. He was a Russian mine official in the Urals from 1845 to 1861 who granted access to mineral samples for scientific research. Samarium isotopes are used in various applications. This drug should be used with caution in. 136,137 Absorbed dose in bone and red marrow has been estimated at 2.5 cGy/MBq and 0.57 cGy/MBq, respectively. About 50% of an intravenously administered dose is retained in bone. They are called “rare earth” magnets because the elements of samarium cobalt are classified as … In its usual oxidized form, samarium is added to ceramics and glasses where it increases absorption of infrared light. Some cancer treatments use the radioisotope samarium-153 to alleviate severe pain due to metastasis. Samarium 153 (SM 153) or Quadramet Samarium is now being used along with Strontium. This drug should be used … Samarium-cobalt magnets have permanent magnetization and are used in musical instruments. Vanadium supplements are used as medicine. Neodymium-iron-boron magnets are stronger than this samarium-cobalt magnet, but it's still a … What Are Samarium Cobalt Magnets Used for? Quadramet is only used … Sm-147 has been bombarded with Ca-40 to produce the short-lived radioisotopes Pb-182. Samarium’s main use is in samarium-cobalt alloy magnets for headphones, small motors and pickups for some electric guitars. Samarium metal is used to dope calcium fluoride crystals in order to use them for optical lasers. Sm-144 is used for the production of the therapeutic radioisotope Sm-145. A commonly used name for samarium Sm 153 lexidronam is Sm 153 ethylenediaminetetramethylene phosphonic acid or Sm 153-EDTMP. The following uses for samarium are gathered from a number of sources as well as from anecdotal comments. Nanocrystalline BaFCl:Sm 3+ is a highly sensitive x-ray storage phosphor, which may have applications in dosimetry and medical imaging. One radioactive isotope of samarium is used in medicine, and the element is also used in magnets and some metal … In clinical studies employing planar imaging techniques, more QUADRAMET® (samarium sm 153 lexidronam) accumulates in osteoblastic … The oxide, samaria, is used for making special infrared adsorbing glass and cores of carbon arc-lamp electrodes and as a catalyst for the dehydration and … Note: For a listing of dosage forms and brand names by country availability, see … Today, samarium is primarily obtained through an ion exchange process from monazite sand ((Ce, La, Th, Nd, Y)PO 4), a material rich in rare earth elements that can contain as much as 2.8% samarium. , ground to dimension, magnetized and tested to make very strong magnets monazite and,., symbol Sm, symbol Sm been bombarded with Ca-40 to produce a bone-seeking complex the more expensive platinum-cobalt in... 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