Campus. Contents. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Zamia. [6], The whole plant contains a toxin called cycasin which can cause liver failure that can lead to death but if proper precautions are taken can be leached with water due to it being a water-soluble molecule. There are male and female plants. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Common Names: Coontie. Seed or division information: The fleshy seed coat must be removed to start germination. Common names; Ecology; Parasites; Nitrogen-fixation; Reproduction; Multiple cones; Pollination; References; External links; Zamia integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. The male strobilus and the female strobilus are found on two separate plants. Zamia integrifolia L.f. (Z. floridana) is a shrub-like herb with a fleshy underground stem. … Online Plant Guide - Zamia integrifolia / Coontie - The coontie was once quite common in Florida and south Georgia but due to the destruction of habitat plants are not nearly as prevelant. The leaves are hard with a furry feel, hence the common name. Synonymy: Numerous; see The Cycad Pages Distribution: Southeastern Geogia, Florida, Bahamas Common name: Coontie Conservation status: Not threatened [13] The filamentous cyanobacteria belonging to the genus Nostoc, which is able to form symbiosis with a wide range of organisms,[14] inhabits the mucilage in the microaerobic and dark intercellular zone in between the inner and outer cortex of coralloid roots. Florida arrowroot, coontie (English), conti hateka (Seminole) (Landry 1993).Taxonomic notes. They form a mutualistic relationship by providing the plant protection from pests in exchange for food. The resulting powder than could be used to make a bread-like substance. Unlike many cycads, this plant doesn’t have much of a trunk or other strong architectural features. Zamia integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. f.), is used in butterfly gardens or as an ornamental plant in landscapes. Genus recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. This plant has several common names. Fern-like pinnately divided leaves 10"-50" long with 5-30 leaflets. Common Names. - The coontie was once quite common in Florida and south Georgia but due to the destruction of habitat plants are not nearly as prevelant. Zamia integrifolia : Source: Gymnosperms of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Zamia integrifolia : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: This cycad produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. JOURNAL DATA UPDATE If you want a download of your journal data, please send a request to our helpdesk OR place a comment in our Journal Request Forum Thread.Journals are set to be removed by the end of the year so don't delay! Two names, Florida arrowroot and wild sago, refer to the former commercial use of this species as the source of an edible starch. P. floridana pollinates the plants by using the pollen-bearing strobili as food for its larvae, transporting the pollen with it. A half dozen caterpillars can completely strip a coontie bare and a large coontie population is needed to sustain the Eumaeus atala population. [11], Zamia species often produce more than one cone close to the tip of the stem or at the terminal of the caudex where it intersects with the aboveground stem. [1] The species is The fleshy seed coat must be removed to start germination. In the US it is native to the States of Florida and Georgia. The Annual Photo Contest voting is over. Pine cone cycad PFAF Plant Database", "Lawn, Garden, and Landscape Resources - Lee County Extension", "Genetic diversity of symbiotic cyanobacteria in Cycas revoluta (Cycadaceae)", "Host Selection of Symbiotic Cyanobacteria in 31 Species of the Australian Cycad Genus: Macrozamia (Zamiaceae)", "UNF - UNF Landscape - Zamia floridana syn Z integrifolia or Z pumila - Coontie", "Beetle pollination of two species of Zamia: Evolutionary and ecological considerations (PDF Download Available)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zamia_integrifolia&oldid=996262553, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 14:02. … Other common names include: Coontie palm English. Two names, Florida arrowroot and wild sago, refer to the former commercial use of this species as the source of an edible starch. The leaves are 1-3 ft long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). Zamia integrifolia : Source: Gymnosperms of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Zamia integrifolia : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Linnaeus, Carl von f. 1789. Common name: coontie Native range: Florida, Georgia. It is similar in many respects to the closely related Zamia pumila, but that species differs in the more obvious toothing on the leaflets. Correspondents (largely via e-mail), however, have raised a number of questions and arguments directed toward invalidation of the apparent Zamia integrifolia Name Synonyms Encephalartos pruniferus Sweet Palmifolium floridanum (A.DC.) However, it makes for a great garden plant as it will form a dense clump over time with numerous heads. common name: atala butterfly, atala hairstreak, coontie hairstreak scientific name: ... coontie (Zamia integrifolia Linnaeus. This zone is transversed and connected by elongated Zamia cells. Zamia L. Common Name: COONTIE: Specimen: View USF Herbarium specimens of this genus The pinnate leaves, that are often more than 1 m long, emerge in a rosette from a thick fleshy trunk. Native Americans processed the large underground roots of coontie into a starchy flour. Scientific Name: Zamia integrifolia: Common Name: Coontie, Florida Arrowroot: Description of facts and concepts: An small ancient cycad that supports an endangered butterfly and is often used in Florida landscaping. 16(2): 544 (1868), nom. Leaves Photograph by: Jpaganpr. Pot-grown plants Photograph by: Jpaganpr. Coontie (or koonti) is derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. This species has often been misidentified as Zamia pumila L., a species that occurs in the Caribbean but is not found in Florida Home > Name Search > ! Glycoside, Cycasin, B-methylamino-l-alanine, unidentified neurotoxin (cattle). but it is a gymnosperm more closely related to … Zamia integrifolia specimen at Montgomery Botanical Center in Miami, Florida N.C. Genetically, the differences between populations cannot be explained by habitat variability. [3], Indigenous tribes of Florida like the Seminoles and Tequestas would grid the root and soak it overnight afterwards they would rinse it with running water for several hours to remove the rest of the water-soluble toxin cycasin. Historical notes: Zamia integrifolia is more commonly labeled as Z. floridana in the older literature particularly that concerning anatomy, morphology and life cycles. Zamia integrifolia L.f. (Z. floridana) is a shrub-like herb with a fleshy underground stem. This sago-like plant makes an excellent container plant for the garden. The resulting paste was than left to ferment and then dried into a powder. Zamia integrifolia is a small, tough, woody cycad native to the southeast United States (Florida, Georgia), the Bahamas, Cuba, Grand Cayman and possibly extinct in Puerto Rico and Haiti.. Processed flour made from the root is not toxic and is made into bread and spaghetti. Common Name Zamia integrifolia (Z. floridana) Botanic Name Coontie, Sago palm, chamal, coyolillo Plant Family Zamiaceae Distribution Florida, Georgia, Caribbean area Animals Affected All animals including people, dogs. The common name is Florida arrowroot or coontie. The stems and leaves regenerate after the cold period subsides with full foliage. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Stem: 3–25 cm high and diameter, but is often subterranean and tuberous. Reference taxon from Catalogue of Life in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. The most common form of development is the rapid formation of cone domes on the plant's sympodium, which is its main axis. IPCN. Zamia integrifolia. Flower colour; life form. The Coontie, Zamia integrifolia, is Florida’s only native cycad. Pale; shrub. It was also native in southern Puerto Rico and Haiti, but apparently was made extinct in those areas by intensive land use. They are often revolute, with prickly petioles. Were Zamia integrifolia illegitimate, the later Z. floridana would succeed. It is sometimes called Coontie Palm or Coontie Fern based on its tropical appearance. There is some disagreement with the correct botanical name; many University of Florida publications use Zamia floridana, others, such as The Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants, use Zamia pumila. The cones on the female plant are thick and have red-orange seeds. [7] The seeds contains a toxic glycoside which causes headaches, vomiting, stomach pains and diarrhoea if ingested. 1-2 seeds can be fatal. Although the female cones are not consumed, there have been evidences of healed scars due to punctation in the interior of the cone, which are suspected to be caused by weevils.[18]. Z. integrifolia, Z. pumila) - Coontie Family Zamiaceae. The leaves are 20-100 cm long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). The seeds also contain Beta-methylamino-alanine which can cause central nervous system failure.[8]. [12], Since Z. floridana is a cycad, which are the only group of gymnosperms that form nitrogen-fixing associations, it depends on microbes as a source of nitrogen. Also used as an ingredient in Animal Crackers. The butterfly, thought extinct until recently, is dependent for its survival on the Zamia integrifolia, as well as several other species of Zamia. Native Introduced Native and Introduced They feed on the coonties' natural enemies, scales and mealybugs, thereby reducing the need for pesticides. Zamia integrifolia is a small, tough, woody cycad native to the southeast United States (Florida, Georgia), the Bahamas and the Caribbean south to Grand Cayman and Puerto Rico (possibly extinct on this island).. It prefers well-drained, sandy, moist soils with or without organic matter though it does grow better in more nutrient-dense … [11], Three of the most common pests of Z. floridana are Florida red scales (Chrysomphalus aonidum), hemispherical scales (Saissetia coffeae) and longtailed mealybugs (Pseudococcus longispinus). form a strategic partnership called N.C. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Zamia integrifolia inhabits a variety of habitats with well-drained sands or sandy loam soils. Culture: A source of starch for Native Americans. Populations are presently limited to Florida, southeastern Georgia, central Cuba and the Dominican Republic. 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Formation of cone domes on the coonties ' natural enemies, scales and mealybugs thereby...

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